- WHAT IS A COOKIE
Cookies are fragments of text placed on your computer by the websites you visit. This automatic data storage technology is widespread and is used to collect information such as browser type and operating system, source page, domain name from which the visitor has logged in to the RED platform, etc., in order to understand how visitors use this Website. “Cookies” helps us to adapt the content of the Website to your needs.
Cookies are created when the browser used by a user displays a particular website. The website sends information to the browser, and it creates a text file. Every time the user accesses that website again, the browser accesses and transmits this file to the website’s server. In other words, the cookie can be seen as an Internet User ID card that announces the website every time the user returns to that site.
There are two large categories of cookies
Session cookies – they are temporarily stored in the web browser’s cookie folder so that they can save them until the user exits the website or closes the browser window (for example, when logging in / out on a webmail or a social network).
Persistent cookies – they are stored on the hard drive of a computer or equipment (and generally depends on the default cookie lifetime). Persistent cookies also include those placed on a website other than the one the user is currently visiting – known as ‘third party cookies’ – which can be used anonymously to store the interests of a user so that advertising is delivered as relevant as possible to users.
Restart Energy Democracy uses both session cookies and persistent cookies.
2. WHICH IS THE LIFETIME OF A COOKIE
A cookie’s life may vary significantly depending on the purpose for which it is placed. Some cookies are intended for a single use (such as session cookies), therefore they are not retained once the user leaves the website. Other cookies are maintained and reused every time the user returns to the website (persistent cookies). However, cookies can be deleted by the user at any time using the browser settings or other means (e.g. Do Not Track mechanism) or by using the Cookies Management Too.
For more information on the duration of the Cookies, please see the table from Section 5. TYPES OF COOKIES THAT WE USE.
3. WHY ARE COOKIES IMPORTANT FOR THE INTERNET
Cookies are the central focus of the Internet’s efficient operation, helping to generate a friendly browsing experience and tailored to the preferences and interests of each user.
Denying or disabling cookies can make some websites unusable.
Denying or disabling cookies does not mean you will not receive online advertising – but only that it will no longer be able to keep track of your preferences and interests highlighted by your browsing behavior.
Examples of important uses of cookies (which do not require authentication of a user through an account:
- Content and services tailored to user preferences – product categories and services.
- Offers tailored to users’ interests – retaining passwords.
- Retaining Child Protection Filters for Content on the Internet (family mode options, safe search functions).
- Limit ad serving frequency – limit the number of impressions of an ad for a particular user on a site.
- Provide more relevant advertising for the user.
- Measurement, optimization, and analytics features – such as confirming a certain level of traffic on a website, what type of content is viewed, and how a user reaches a website (eg through search engines, directly from other websites, etc.). Websites run these analyzes of their use to improve sites for the benefit of users.
4. WHY WE USE COOKIE MODULES
These files make it possible to recognize the user’s terminal and present the content in a relevant way, adapted to the user’s preferences. Cookies provide users with a pleasant browsing experience and support Restart Energy Democracy efforts to provide user-friendly services: ex: – Online privacy preferences, relevant advertising. They are also used in the preparation of aggregated anonymous statistics that help us understand how a user benefits from our web pages, allowing us to improve their structure and content, excluding personal identification of the user.
Cookies can provide faster and easier interaction between users and websites. For example, when authenticating a user on a particular website, authentication data is stored in a cookie; the user can then access that site without having to authenticate again.
In other cases, cookies can be used to store information about user activities on a particular web page so that they can easily resume their activities on a subsequent access to the site. Cookies tell the server what pages the user needs to show to the user so that they do not have to remember or navigate the entire site from scratch. Thus, cookies can be assimilated to “bookmarks” that tell the user exactly where they stay on a website.
Similarly, cookies can store information about the products ordered by the user on an e-commerce site, thus making possible the concept of “shopping cart”.
Cookies can also provide websites with the ability to monitor users’ online activities and set up user profiles that can then be used for marketing purposes. For example, cookies can identify products and services agreed by a user, this information subsequently serving to transmit appropriate advertising messages to that user.
5. TYPES OF COOKIES THAT WE USE
In the table below you can find more information on the Cookies that we use, including their operation duration and whether or not third parties may have access to those cookies.
Thus, when accessing the Website, you had the opportunity to give your consent to the use of certain categories of Cookies. Some categories of Cookies are essential for the operation of the Website, while other categories of Cookies have different utilities and you can choose whether or not to use such later category of Cookies. Accepting the latter categories of Cookies will give you an experience tailored to your preferences. However, you may at any time withdraw your consent to the options provided in this policy.
These are the cookies strictly required for operating a website. Without these cookies, this Website will not work properly.
The strictly necessary cookies are indispensable, the operation of the site being impossible without them. Disabling cookies may result in serious site usage or even the inability to use its services. Strictly required/necessary cookies do not store information after leaving the site. These allow, for example, identification of the devices for communication, numbering of the data packets to send them in the order required, and detection of transmission errors or data loss.
Cookies specific to an online session
Web pages do not have memory. A user browsing from one webpage to another will be considered by the website as a new user. The session-specific cookies typically store an identifier that allows the user to switch from one webpage to another without having to enter the identification information (username, password, etc.) every time. Such cookies are widely used by commercial sites, for example, to keep track of the products added by a user in the shopping cart. When the user visits a specific product catalog page and selects certain products, the cookie retains the selected products and adds them to the shopping cart, which will contain all the products selected when the user wants to leave the page.
Session-specific cookies are stored in the user’s computer memory only during an Internet browsing session and are deleted automatically when the browser is closed. They may become inaccessible even if the session has been inactive for a certain period of time (usually 20 minutes).
Permanent, persistent or stored cookies
Persistent cookies are stored at the user’s computer and are not deleted when the navigation session is closed. These cookies can retain the user’s preferences for a particular website so that they can be used in other Internet browsing sessions.
Besides authentication information, persistent cookies can also retain details of the selected language and theme on a particular website, site menu preferences, favorite pages inside a site, etc. When the user accesses a site for the first time, it is presented in the default mode. Subsequently, the user selects a series of preferences, which are then retained by cookies and used when the user revisits the site. For example, a website offers its content in several languages. At the first visit, the user selects English and the site retains this preference in a cookie. When the user revisits the site, the content will be automatically displayed in English.
Persistent cookies can be used to identify individual users and thus to analyze user behavior online. They can provide information about the number of visitors to a website, the time (on average) spent on a particular page, and generally the performance of a website. These cookies are configured to be able to track users’ activities for a long time, in some cases even years.
Audience measurement cookies allow visitors of the Website to be recognized at the next visit. They store only the username (specific to each cookie) and do not collect personal data of the visitor. They save the visited pages, the duration of each visit and the error messages displayed; all of which help improve the performance of the Restart Energy Democracy site. Analytics cookies can be installed and managed by partners; however, Restart Energy Democracy requires strict use of these in order to obtain the necessary analytical statistics.
If the user has Adobe Flash installed on the computer, small files can be stored in the memory of that computer by websites that contain Flash elements (such as video clips). These files are known as “local shared objects” or “flash cookies” and can be used for the same purposes as regular cookies.
When regular cookies are deleted through browser functions, flash cookies are not affected. Thus, a website that uses flash cookies can recognize a user on a new visit if the data specific to deleted cookies is also retained in a flash cookie.
Since flash cookies are not stored in the user’s computer in the same way that the usual ones are stored, they are more difficult to identify and delete. Banks and financial sites use this kind of cookies for that very reason. Because they are difficult to identify, these cookies are stored on user computers to allow users to authenticate and prevent fraud, as potential offenders may have their user name and password for authentication but do not have access to the user’s computer. Thus, cookies act as a second level of authentication, in addition to your username and password.
We also use flash cookies to store your preferences, such as volume control or content display based on what you view on our site to personalize your visit. Third parties with whom we work to provide certain features on our sites, such as promotions, use Flash cookies to collect and store non-personal information.
Flash cookies are different from other cookies used on this site due to the way data is stored. The cookie management tools provided by your browser will not remove Flash cookies. To learn how to manage your privacy and storage settings for Flash Cookies, please click here http://www.macromedia.com/support/documentation/en/flashplayer/help/settings_manager.html (document written in English)
First party cookies vs third party cookies
Each cookie has an “owner” – the web site / Internet domain that places that cookie.
First party cookies (first party) are placed by the Internet domain / website accessed by the user (whose address appears in the browser address bar).
A third party cookie (third party) is placed by another Internet domain / website other than the one accessed by the user; this means that the accessed website also contains information from a third-party website – for example, an ad banner appearing on the site you’re accessing.
The notion of “third party cookie” refers to a cookie placed by a different operator from the operator of the website visited by the user. Third party cookies are not strictly necessary for a user accessing a website because they are typically associated with a service distinct from the one explicitly requested by the user (by accessing the website).
We work with third-party providers who can set their own cookies on our Website, such as advertising networks and external service providers such as web traffic analysis services that we do not have control over. If you want additional information, go to the relevant third-party website. These cookies may be analytics / performance cookies or targeting cookies. With regard to third-party cookies, you should review their cookie policies.
Functional cookies are used exclusively to provide an electronic communication service at the request of the user. Uninstalling these cookies results in the service being unable to be made available. This information is stored after the end of the site navigation session and can be passed on to the partners for the sole purpose of taking the necessary steps to make the service available. For example, it may be cookies that save user preferences, such as the language used, those that save a “session of the user” or those required for the “virtual shopping cart”.
Tracking cookies and those generated by social network plugins
Tracking cookies allow third parties to provide services, primarily advertising and to increase their efficiency. These cookies can hold the visited pages and websites and collect personal data, primarily the IP address of the device used for Internet surfing. The collected information may also be distributed to third parties.
This is the case, for example, of cookies that allow advertisers to offer customized ads tailored to your interest centers according to your browsing history on Restart Energy Democracy or restrict their repetition. For these cookies, you need to give your consent. In this case, a banner will appear on the first page of the site where you will be asked for their installation.
Cookies to share the content of our website on social networks (social networking cookies)
These cookies make it possible to share and appreciate certain content directly on our site by authenticated users from selected social media.
These social networking sites can also collect your personal data for your own purposes. Restart Energy Democracy has no influence on how social sites use your personal data. For more information about cookies set by social networking sites and the data they can collect, please review their privacy and cookie policies. Below you can find a list of privacy statements on the social media channels most used by Restart Energy Democracy SRL:
Cookies for registration
When you sign up for this site, we generate a cookie that tells us if you are registered or not. Our servers use these cookies to show us the account with which you are registered and if you have permission for a particular service. It also allows us to associate any comments you post on our site with your username. If you have not selected “keep me registered”, this cookie will be automatically deleted when you close your browser or computer.
Cookies for advertising
These cookies let us know whether or not you have viewed an online ad, what type of ad, and how long it has been since you saw the ad message. These cookies are also used to target online advertising. We can also use third-party cookies to better target advertising, for example, to show holiday ads if the user has recently visited an article on holiday sites. These cookies are anonymous, they store information about the viewed content, not about the users. We also set anonymous cookies through other sites that we advertise. By accepting them, so we can use them to recognize you as a visitor to that site if you later visit our site, we will be able to deliver your advertising based on that information.
Much of the advertising you find on this site belongs to third parties. Some of these parties use their own anonymous cookies to analyze how many people have been exposed to an ad, or to see how many people have been exposed multiple times to the same ad. Companies that generate these cookies have their own privacy policies, and this site does not have access to read or write these cookies. These third party cookies can be used to show your target advertising on other sites, relying on your surfing on this site.
For example, our website may use the following cookies for the following purposes:
6. SECURITY AND CONFIDENTIALITY ISSUES
Although cookies are stored in the memory of the user’s computer, they cannot access / read other information on that computer. Cookies are not viruses. They are just small text files; Cookies are not compiled as code and cannot be executed. Thus, they cannot be auto-copied, they cannot spread to other networks to generate actions, and cannot be used to spread viruses.
Cookies cannot search for information on the user’s computer, but they store personal information. This information is not generated by cookies, but by the user, when he completes online forms, logs on certain websites, uses electronic payment systems, etc. Although sensitive information is typically protected against unauthorized access, it is possible for such persons to intercept the information transmitted between the browser and the website. Even if they are rare, such situations can occur when the browser connects to the server using an unencrypted network, such as an unsecured WiFi channel.
Cookies can still be used for negative purposes. Because it stores information about users’ preferences and browsing history, both on a particular site and on several other sites, cookies can be used as a form of Spyware. Many anti-spyware products are aware of this and consistently mark cookies to be deleted in anti-virus / anti-spyware removal / scanning procedures.
In general, browsers have built in privacy settings that provide different levels of cookie acceptance, shelf life, and automatic deletion after the user has visited a particular site.
7. OTHER SECURITY ISSUES RELATED TO COOKIES
Other cookie-based attacks involve bad cookie settings on servers. If a website does not require the browser to use only encrypted channels, attackers can use this vulnerability to mislead browsers to send information via unsecured channels. Attackers then use the information for purposes of unauthorized access to certain sites. It is very important to be careful in choosing the most appropriate method of protecting personal information.
Tips for safe and responsible cookie-based navigation.
- Customize your browser settings for cookies to reflect a comfortable cookie-level for you.
- If you do not mind cookies and you are the only person using your computer, you can set expiration dates to store your browsing history and personal data.
- If you share access to your computer, you can consider the browser setting to delete individual browsing data each time you close your browser. This is a way to access sites that place cookies and delete any visitor information when you close the browsing session.
- Install and constantly update your antispyware applications.
- Many of the spyware detection and prevention applications include site attacks detection. This prevents the browser from accessing websites that could exploit browser vulnerabilities or download dangerous software. Make sure your browser is always up-to-date. Many of the cookies-based attacks are exploited by the weaknesses of the old versions of browsers.
Cookies are everywhere and can not be avoided if you want to enjoy access to the best and greatest websites on the Internet – local or international. With a clear understanding of how they work and the benefits they bring, you can take the necessary security measures so you can browse with confidence on the internet.
8. IP AND GOOGLE ANALYTICS AND OTHER SIMILAR TECHNOLOGIES
We may monitor Internet Protocol (IP) for (among others): (i) technical troubleshooting, (ii) maintaining site security and security, (iii) restricting access to our site for certain users, and (iv) better understanding of how our site is being used. An IP address is a number that is used by computers on the network to identify your computer every time you connect to the Internet.
The Website uses Google Analytics cookies to collect information about how visitors use this site and to detect possible browsing issues. Google Analytics stores information about the pages visited, the duration of the site’s navigation, the way the site was visited, and the sections accessed within the pages. No personal information is stored, so this information can not be used to identify the user.
If you want to learn more about how Google uses and collects this data, please visit the link: https://policies.google.com/privacy
9.MANAGING COOKIES / PREFERENCES IN YOUR BROWSER
The required cookies can be disabled in browser settings. To disable the other cookies used by the Restart Energy Democracy site and to change your options, you can by using certain Do Not Track mechanism or by withdrawing your consent, including by the Consent Management Tools available on this Website.
Most browsers allow you to:
- see what cookies you have and delete them individually
- block third-party cookies
- block cookies on certain sites
- block the setting of all cookies
- delete all cookies when you close your browser
If you choose to delete cookies, be aware that any preferences will be lost. Also, if you block your cookies completely, many sites (including ours) will not work properly, and Internet transmissions will not work at all.
Detailed information on how to manage, disable, and delete cookies by using browser browsing settings is available at the following addresses:
Delete and manage cookies (IE 8, 9 and 10):
10. “DO NOT TRACK” MECHANISM[C]
There are regulations at European level regarding the monitoring of users’ online activities for marketing purposes, generally requiring users to agree to such practices. But in other parts of the world such situations are less regulated. Under these conditions, the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is currently working on a technical (and technology neutral) “Do Not Track” standard. This standard will be used by users to tell browsers to signal to advertisers that they do not want their online activities to be monitored.
W3C says that “users have the right to know which data will be collected and for what purpose they will be used. With this information, they can decide whether or not to allow for online activities and the collection of personal data. Many Internet companies use the data collected in connection with user online activities to customize the content provided to users and direct relevant advertising messages to them, depending on the interests identified based on the information gathered. Although some users appreciate this personalization of content and advertising messages in some contexts, others are concerned about what they perceive to be an intrusion into their private lives.
Under these circumstances, users need a mechanism to allow them to express their preferences regarding the monitoring of online activities; this mechanism must be easy to configure and efficiently. In addition, websites that can not or do not want to provide content without offering behavioral advertising at the same time or without collecting user data need a mechanism to indicate this to users and enable them to make an informed decision. “
The goal of the Do Not Track standard is to “give the user the ability to express their personal choices about monitoring online activities and to communicate these options to each server or web application they interact with, allowing each accessed service either to -and adjust the practices according to the user’s options, or reach a separate agreement with the user, which is convenient for both parties. The basic principle is that expressing monitoring preferences is only conveyed when it reflects a deliberate option of the user. In the absence of a user option, it is considered that the preference for monitoring online activities is not expressed. “
11. DO NOT TRACK FUNCTIONS [D]FOR SEARCH ENGINES
Options to prevent monitoring of online user activity are being implemented today in various forms. From Internet Explorer 8, which gives you the ability to block third-party sites that leave content when you visit a website, up to the new extensions, add-ons, and options you’ve just entered in your search engine preferences.
Counting among the last to introduce this functionality, version 23, Google Chrome offers the option of installing Do not Track Me, AVG Do Not Track, or Keep My Opt-Outs, which blocks cookies and prevents (US) customize ads based on online user behavior online.
Firefox, along with the Do Not Track Me add-on, also offers the option “Tell web sites I do not want to be tracked” which can be configured in the privacy menu. Furthermore, Internet Explorer 10 comes with Do Not Track as the default option. Microsoft’s decision has triggered a number of strong responses, the response of companies like Yahoo and Apache being ignoring Do Not Track’s Internet Explorer 10 signals.
Another tool that you can install on most search engines (and even as an iOS app) is Ghostery. Ghostery scans the page you visit and notifies you of the third party sites installed to track your activity. You can then set your preferences according to the menu categories: advertising, analytics, beacons, privacy, widgets. More information here.
Note that not all Do Not Track functionality blocks cookies. So, it’s a good idea to check what’s within each Do Not Track extension and choose the one that best represents the limitations you want to transmit to sites monitoring your Internet activity.
If you want to know more about cookies and what they are used for, we recommend the following links:
Microsoft Cookies guide
All About Cookies
12. OTHER WEBSITES
If you have additional questions and / or comments, please contact [email protected] or visit our contact page.
Restart Energy Democracy